Up to two million new HIV infections occur yearly worldwide. As there is no effective vaccine to prevent HIV transmission, prevention strategies are needed to reduce HIV acquisition
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (or PrEP) is when people at risk for HIV take daily medicine to lower their chances of getting HIV. Studies have shown that PrEP reduces the risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99% when taken daily and at least 74% among people who inject drugs when taken daily.
RISK OF TRANSMISSION
According to the CDC, the risk of transmission for receptive penile-vaginal sex is 8 per 10,000 exposures. For insertive penile-vaginal sex, the risk of transmission lowers to 4 out of 10,000 exposures. For every 10,000 instances of receptive anal intercourse with a partner who has HIV, the virus is likely to be transmitted 138 times. Insertive anal intercourse poses a lower risk, with 11 transmissions per 10,000 exposures.
All forms of oral sex are considered low risk. Biting, spitting, throwing bodily fluids, and sharing sex toys all have a low risk of transmission
Learn more at https://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/prep.html
IMPORTANCE OF ABSTINENCE
Abstinence means avoiding oral, vaginal, or anal sex and is the only 100% effective way to prevent HIV or other STDs), and pregnancy. Having fewer partners lowers your chances of having sex with someone who has HIV or another STD.
In general, there is little to no risk of getting or transmitting HIV from oral sex. Theoretically, transmission of HIV is possible if an HIV-positive man ejaculates in his partner’s mouth during oral sex. However, the risk is still very low. Factors that may increase the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex are oral ulcers, bleeding gums, genital sores, and the presence of other STDs, which may or may not be visible.
While there is little to no risk of getting HIV from oral sex, using a barrier can further reduce your risk of getting or transmitting HIV
CANDIDATES FOR PrEP
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (or PrEP) daily to prevent HIV infection, if you are at very high risk for HIV.
Post- exposure prophylaxis (PEP) means taking medicines after being potentially exposed to HIV to prevent becoming infected. For example, if the condom breaks or exposed through an injection. PEP should be used only in emergency situations and must be started right away (within 3 days) after a recent exposure to HIV for 28 days.
Yes. With telemedicine, it is possible. Click the 'Start Now' button to get a prescription sent to your pharmacy